Flutter+Mobx实战开发,写一个App应用

2019年6月15日13:07:23 发表评论 388 views

增加了路由跳转,可以带参数跳转页面。下拉可以自定义刷新样式,IOS点击Status Bar回到顶部,目前已经测试过。状态管理器使用Mobx,我自己觉得对于Redux使用起来会复杂一点,下面是提供的预览GIF图,卡顿现象是因为屏幕录制的帧率有点低。

项目地址:github.com/Tecode/flut…,不定时的更新,欢迎start。

安卓预览

Flutter+Mobx实战开发,写一个App应用

IOS预览

Flutter+Mobx实战开发,写一个App应用

依赖库

environment:
  sdk: ">=2.1.0 <3.0.0"
dependencies:
  flutter:
    sdk: flutter
  mobx:
  flutter_mobx: // Mobx
  cupertino_icons: ^0.1.2
  flutter_svg: ">=0.12.4" // 处理SVG图片
  carousel_slider: ^1.3.0 // 轮播图
  fluro: "^1.4.0" // 路由
  provider: ^2.0.1 // 用于包裹mobx

dev_dependencies:
  flutter_test:
    sdk: flutter
  build_runner: ^1.3.1 //Mobx依赖
  mobx_codegen: // Mobx依赖
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Flutter版本

Flutter 1.5.9-pre.223 • channel master • https://github.com/flutter/flutter.git
Framework • revision b76a1e8312 (25 hours ago) • 2019-05-13 09:06:30 +0100
Engine • revision 816d3fc586
Tools • Dart 2.3.1 (build 2.3.1-dev.0.0 a0290f823c)
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修改系统状态栏颜色

Flutter+Mobx实战开发,写一个App应用
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter/cupertino.dart';
import 'package:flutter_book/containers/Entrance.dart';
import 'package:flutter_book/helpers/constants.dart' show AppColors;
import 'package:flutter/services.dart';

void main() {
  // 修改系统状态栏颜色
  SystemChrome.setSystemUIOverlayStyle(SystemUiOverlayStyle(
    systemNavigationBarColor: Color(AppColors.themeColor), // navigation bar color
    statusBarColor: Color(AppColors.themeColor), // status bar color
  ));
  runApp(MyApp());wenti
}
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自定义appBar左侧导航显示的内容

Flutter+Mobx实战开发,写一个App应用
appBar: AppBar(
...
        leading: IconButton(
          alignment: Alignment.centerRight,
          icon: SvgPicture.asset(
            'assets/icon/icon_trophy.svg',
            width: Constants.appBarIconSize + 5.0,
            height: Constants.appBarIconSize + 5.0,
          ),
          onPressed: () {
            print("ok");
          },
        )
...
)
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媒体查询

MediaQuery.of(context)
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资源配置

  assets:
   - assets/icon/
   - lib/containers/
   - lib/model/
   - lib/helpers/
   - lib/routers/
   - assets/images/
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路由配置

这里我使用的是fluro配置路由,这里我偷一下懒了,就没有使用原生的方法,不过他帮我们封装了好多的方法我们可以很方便的去使用它,下面说一下路由的配置。

lib\routers\routers.dart

配置路由对应的模块,可以理解成Vue-routerReact-router一样,先要将对应的路由配置到你要跳转的模块去。

import 'package:fluro/fluro.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_book/routers/route_handlers.dart';

class Routes {
  static String root = "/";
  static String setting = "/setting";
  static String detail = "/detail";
  static String demoSimpleFixedTrans = "/demo/fixedtrans";
  static String demoFunc = "/demo/func";
  static String deepLink = "/message";

  static void configureRoutes(Router router) {
    router.notFoundHandler = Handler(
        handlerFunc: (BuildContext context, Map<String, List<String>> params) {
      print("ROUTE WAS NOT FOUND !!!");
    });
    router.define(root, handler: rootHandler);
    router.define(setting, handler: settingRouteHandler);
    router.define(detail, handler: detailRouterHandler);
  }
}
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lib\routers\route_handlers.dart

在这里可以处理一些传过来的参数,然后我们将参数放入类中实例化。

import 'package:flutter_book/containers/Setting.dart';
import 'package:flutter_book/containers/FirstScreen.dart';
import 'package:flutter_book/containers/Detail.dart';
import 'package:fluro/fluro.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_book/helpers/fluro_convert_util.dart';

Handler rootHandler = Handler(
    handlerFunc: (BuildContext context, Map<String, List<String>> params) {
  return FirstScreen();
});

Handler settingRouteHandler = Handler(
    handlerFunc: (BuildContext context, Map<String, List<String>> params) {
    return Setting();
});

Handler detailRouterHandler = Handler(
    handlerFunc: (BuildContext context, Map<String, List<String>> params) {
  return Detail(
      title: FluroConvertUtils.fluroCnParamsDecode(params["title"]?.first));
});

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lib\main.dart

将路由与Flutter绑定,这样你的路由就可以生效了

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  MyApp() {
    final router = new Router();
    Routes.configureRoutes(router);
    Application.router = router;
  }
  // This widget is the root of your application.
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      title: 'Flutter Book',
      theme: ThemeData(
          primaryColor: Color(AppColors.themeColor),
          accentColor: Color(AppColors.themeColor),
          scaffoldBackgroundColor: Color(AppColors.themeColor)),
      home: Entrance(),
      onGenerateRoute: Application.router.generator,
    );
  }
}
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使用

import 'package:fluro/fluro.dart';
import 'package:flutter_book/routers/application.dart';
import 'package:flutter_book/helpers/fluro_convert_util.dart';

...代码省略了

 Application.router.navigateTo(
    context,
    "/detail?title=${FluroConvertUtils.fluroCnParamsEncode('热门图书')}",
    transition: TransitionType.native
);
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路由传参

路由不支持中文字符需要编码再解码

import 'dart:convert';

/// fluro 参数编码解码工具类
class FluroConvertUtils {
  /// fluro 传递中文参数前,先转换,fluro 不支持中文传递
  static String fluroCnParamsEncode(String originalCn) {
    StringBuffer sb = StringBuffer();
    var encoded = Utf8Encoder().convert(originalCn);
    encoded.forEach((val) => sb.write('$val,'));
    return sb.toString().substring(0, sb.length - 1).toString();
  }

  /// fluro 传递后取出参数,解析
  static String fluroCnParamsDecode(String encodedCn) {
    var decoded = encodedCn.split('[').last.split(']').first.split(',');
    var list = <int>[];
    decoded.forEach((s) => list.add(int.parse(s.trim())));
    return Utf8Decoder().convert(list);
  }
}
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编码

import 'package:flutter_book/helpers/fluro_convert_util.dart';

Application.router.navigateTo(
    context,
    "/detail?title=${FluroConvertUtils.fluroCnParamsEncode('热门图书')}",
    transition: TransitionType.native,
    // transitionDuration: const Duration(milliseconds: 300),
);
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解码

import 'package:flutter_book/helpers/fluro_convert_util.dart';

Handler detailRouterHandler = Handler(
    handlerFunc: (BuildContext context, Map<String, List<String>> params) {
  return Detail(
      title: FluroConvertUtils.fluroCnParamsDecode(params["title"]?.first));
});
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使用Mobx状态管理器

pubspec.yaml配置

environment:
  sdk: ">=2.1.0 <3.0.0"

dependencies:
  flutter:
    sdk: flutter
  mobx:
  flutter_mobx:


  # The following adds the Cupertino Icons font to your application.
  # Use with the CupertinoIcons class for iOS style icons.
  cupertino_icons: ^0.1.2
  flutter_svg: ">=0.12.4"
  carousel_slider: ^1.3.0
  fluro: "^1.4.0"
  provider: ^2.0.1

dev_dependencies:
  flutter_test:
    sdk: flutter
  build_runner: ^1.3.1
  mobx_codegen:
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多个页面使用一个store

这里要使用到provider: ^2.0.1,类似ReactProvider。使用Provider来包裹我们的组件,使Mobx和我们的React联系起来。

React Provider

<Provider {...store}>
    <Router history={browserHistory}
        <App />
    </Router>
</Provider>
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Dart Provider

Dart Provider也是一样的道理,将MobxFlutter联系起来,lib/main.dart完整代码,这样使用可以保证你实例化的的store是同一个类。

  runApp(MultiProvider(
    providers: [
      Provider<FindStore>(
        builder: (_) => FindStore(),
      )
    ],
    child: MyApp(),
  ));
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如何使用

我的导航发现那一栏和下面的内容是分开的,当我点击导航的切换按钮就会改变显示的页面,这样我们可以复用显示层的UI组件,数据放专门的文件去管理。

Flutter+Mobx实战开发,写一个App应用
Flutter+Mobx实战开发,写一个App应用

来看看如何实现的

通过点击然后改变数据findStore.setTile('tile', true);

导航lib/widgets/NavBar/FindNavBar.dart

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_svg/svg.dart';
import 'package:flutter_mobx/flutter_mobx.dart';
import 'package:flutter_book/helpers/constants.dart';
import 'package:flutter_book/stores/findStore.dart';
import 'package:provider/provider.dart';

class FindNavBar extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
  // 我们的store
    final findStore = Provider.of<FindStore>(context);

    return Observer(
      builder: (_) => AppBar(
            title: Text("发现"),
            actions: <Widget>[
              IconButton(
                alignment: Alignment.centerRight,
                onPressed: () {
                  findStore.setTile('tile', true);
                  findStore.counter();
                },
                icon: SvgPicture.asset(
                  'assets/icon/icon_more.svg',
                  width: Constants.appBarIconSize + 2.0,
                  height: Constants.appBarIconSize + 2.0,
                  color: Color(findStore.tile
                      ? AppColors.fontColor
                      : AppColors.fontColorGray),
                ),
              ),
              IconButton(
                alignment: Alignment.centerLeft,
                onPressed: () {
                  findStore.setTile('tile', false);
                },
                icon: SvgPicture.asset(
                  'assets/icon/icon_cube.svg',
                  width: Constants.appBarIconSize + 2.0,
                  height: Constants.appBarIconSize + 2.0,
                  color: Color(findStore.tile
                      ? AppColors.fontColorGray
                      : AppColors.fontColor),
                ),
              ),
            ],
            centerTitle: true,
            elevation: 0,
          ),
    );
  }
}
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内容lib/containers/Find.dart

检测到数据发生变化,页面重新渲染得到新的页面

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_book/widgets/Find/BookTile.dart';
import 'package:flutter_book/widgets/Find/BookCover.dart';

import 'package:flutter_book/stores/findStore.dart';
import 'package:provider/provider.dart';
import 'package:flutter_mobx/flutter_mobx.dart';

class Find extends StatefulWidget {
  @override
  _FindState createState() => _FindState();
}

class _FindState extends State<Find> {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    final findStore = Provider.of<FindStore>(context);
    return Observer(builder: (_) => findStore.tile ? BookTile() : BookCover());
  }
}
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FindStore lib/stores/findStore.dart

import 'package:mobx/mobx.dart';

// Include generated file
part 'findStore.g.dart';

// This is the class used by rest of your codebase
class FindStore = _FindStore with _$FindStore;

// The store-class
abstract class _FindStore implements Store {
  @observable
  bool tile = false;

  @observable
  num count = 0;

  @action
  void setTile(String key, dynamic value) => tile = value;

  @action
  num counter() => this.count++;
}
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注意

如果你是很多个页面共享一个Store不要直接导入然后实例化,例如:

第一个页面 demo1.dart

这个页面我们导入了counter.dart这个store而且我们将它实例化,当我们点击的时候数据发生变化页面会重新渲染

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_mobx/flutter_mobx.dart';

import 'counter.dart'; // Import the Counter

final counter = Counter(); // Instantiate the store

void main() => runApp(MyApp());

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  // This widget is the root of your application.
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      title: 'MobX',
      theme: ThemeData(
        primarySwatch: Colors.blue,
      ),
      home: const MyHomePage(),
    );
  }
}

class MyHomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const MyHomePage();

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('MobX Counter'),
      ),
      body: Center(
        child: Column(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
          children: <Widget>[
            Text(
              '数值是:',
            ),
            // Wrapping in the Observer will automatically re-render on changes to counter.value
            Observer(
              builder: (_) => Text(
                    '${counter.value}',
                    style: Theme.of(context).textTheme.display1,
                  ),
            ),
          ],
        ),
      ),
      floatingActionButton: FloatingActionButton(
        onPressed: counter.increment,
        tooltip: 'Increment',
        child: Icon(Icons.add),
      ),
    );
  }
}
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第二个页面 demo2.dart

这个页面我们也导入了counter.dart,我们要的结果是第一个页面的数据变化了也影响这个页面,但是显然是不能的。因为store虽然是一个,但是实例化的时候是两个不同的,所以第一个页面的数据变化了也不会影响到这里。

怎么解决呢?我们可以使用之前提到的Provider去将MobxFlutter联系起来然后通过上下关系去的到我们想要的Store,例如final findStore = Provider.of<FindStore>(context);

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_mobx/flutter_mobx.dart';

import 'counter.dart'; // Import the Counter

final counter = Counter(); // Instantiate the store

void main() => runApp(MyApp());

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  // This widget is the root of your application.
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      title: 'MobX',
      theme: ThemeData(
        primarySwatch: Colors.blue,
      ),
      home: const MyHomePage(),
    );
  }
}

class MyHomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const MyHomePage();

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('MobX Counter'),
      ),
      body: Center(
        child: Column(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
          children: <Widget>[
            Text(
              '第二个页面显示第一个页面的数是:',
            ),
            Observer(
              builder: (_) => Text(
                    '${counter.value}',
                    style: Theme.of(context).textTheme.display1,
                  ),
            ),
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}
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公共的Store counter.dart

import 'package:mobx/mobx.dart';

// Include generated file
part 'counter.g.dart';

// This is the class used by rest of your codebase
class Counter = _Counter with _$Counter;

// The store-class
abstract class _Counter implements Store {
  @observable
  int value = 0;

  @action
  void increment() {
    value++;
  }
}

作者:Tecode
链接:https://juejin.im/post/5cc40aef51882525041c65a5
来源:掘金
著作权归作者所有。商业转载请联系作者获得授权,非商业转载请注明出处。

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